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governance
APIs related to the Klaytn Governance.
For the governance of the network, Klaytn provides the following APIs under governance namespace.
In Klaytn, there are three different governance modes.
  • none: All nodes participating in the network have the right to change the configuration.
  • single: Only one designated node has the right to change the configuration.
  • ballot: All nodes which have voting power can vote for a change. When more than half of total voting power gathered, the vote passes.
Based on the governance mode, a proposer is able to cast a vote about network parameters such as unit price, minimum staking amount, etc. In order to be a proposer, the candidate nodes are required to deposit a minimum amount of KLAY. All the qualified nodes are always eligible to propose a block, but the chance is propositional to the stake amount.
When calculating the staking proportions to determine the number of slots(the number of chances) to become a proposer within a certain period, it is possible that a node may not be allocated any slots as a result of rounding numbers. However, a slot is guaranteed to a qualified node that has deposited a minimum amount of KLAY.
That is, if a node is not qualified - the node does not stake enough amount of KLAY - it won't be given a chance to propose nor validate a block.
Caveat
  • A governing node is always qualified in single mode as an exception.
  • A vote will be casted when a block is proposed. This vote is applied after two epochs including the epoch where the block is proposed. As an exception, only addValidator/removeValidator is applied immediately.

governance_vote

The vote method submits a new vote. If the node has the right to vote based on governance mode, the vote can be placed. If not, an error message will be returned and the vote will be ignored.
Parameters
  • Key : Name of the configuration setting to be changed. Key has the form of domain.field
  • Value : Various types of value for each key.
Key
Description
"governance.governancemode"
STRING. One of the three governance modes. "none", "single", "ballot"
"governance.governingnode"
ADDRESS. Designated governing node's address. It only works if the governance mode is "single" e.g.,"0xe733cb4d279da696f30d470f8c04decb54fcb0d2"
"governance.unitprice"
NUMBER. Price of unit gas. e.g., 25000000000
"governance.addvalidator"
ADDRESS. Address of a new validator candidate. e.g., 0xe733cb4d279da696f30d470f8c04decb54fcb0d2
"governance.removevalidator"
ADDRESS. Address of a current validator which need to be removed. e.g., 0xe733cb4d279da696f30d470f8c04decb54fcb0d2
"istanbul.epoch"
NUMBER. A period in which votes are gathered in blocks. When an epoch end, all votes which haven't been passed will be cleared. e.g., 86400
"istanbul.committeesize"
NUMBER. The number of validators in a committee.(sub in chain configuration) e.g., 7
"reward.mintingamount"
STRING. Amount of Peb minted when a block is generated. Double quotation marks are needed for a value. e.g., "9600000000000000000"
"reward.ratio"
STRING. Distribution rate for a CN/KGF/KIR separated by "/". The sum of all values has to be 100. e.g., "34/54/12" meaning CN 34%, KGF 54%, KIR 12%
"reward.useginicoeff"
BOOL. Use the Gini coefficient or not. true, false
"reward.deferredtxfee"
BOOL. The way of giving transaction fee to a proposer. If true, it means the tx fee will be summed up with block reward and distributed to the proposer, KIR and KGF. If not, all tx fee will be given to the proposer. true, false
"reward.minimumstake"
STRING. Amount of Klay required to be a CN (Consensus Node). Double quotation marks are needed for a value. e.g., "5000000"
"kip71.lowerboundbasefee"
NUMBER. The lowest possible base fee. See KIP-71 for further details. e.g., 25000000000
"kip71.upperboundbasefee"
NUMBER. The highest possible base fee. e.g., 750000000000
"kip71.gastarget"
NUMBER. The block gas that base fee wants to achieve. The base fee increases when parent block contains more than gas target, and decreases when parent block contains less than gas target. e.g., 30000000
"kip71.basefeedenominator"
NUMBER. Controls how fast base fee changes. e.g., 20
"kip71.maxblockgasusedforbasefee"
NUMBER. The maximum block gas perceived in base fee calculation. e.g., 60000000
Return Value
Type
Description
String
Result of vote submission
Example
> governance.vote ("governance.governancemode", "ballot")
"Your vote was successfully placed."
> governance.vote ("governance.governingnode", "0x12345678990123456789901234567899012345678990")
"Your vote was successfully placed."
> governance.vote("istanbul.epoch", 604800)
"Your vote was successfully placed."
> governance.vote("governance.unitprice", 25000000000)
"Your vote was successfully placed."
> governance.vote("istanbul.committeesize", 7)
"Your vote was successfully placed."
> governance.vote("reward.mintingamount", "9600000000000000000")
"Your vote was successfully placed."
> governance.vote("reward.ratio", "40/30/30")
"Your vote was successfully placed."
> governance.vote("reward.useginicoeff", false)
"Your vote was successfully placed."
// If wrong data are given
> governance.vote("reward.ratio", 100)
"Your vote couldn't be placed. Please check your vote's key and value"
> governance.vote("governance.governingnode", 1234)
"Your vote couldn't be placed. Please check your vote's key and value"
// when `governancemode` is "single" and the node is not `governingnode`
> governance.vote("governance.governancemode", "ballot")
"You don't have the right to vote"

governance_showTally

The showTally property provides the current tally of governance votes. It shows the aggregated approval rate in percentage. When it goes over 50%, the vote passes.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Type
Description
Tally
Each vote's value and approval rate in percentage
Example
> governance.showTally
[{
ApprovalPercentage: 36.2,
Key: "unitprice",
Value: 25000000000
}, {
ApprovalPercentage: 72.5,
Key: "mintingamount",
Value: "9600000000000000000"
}]

governance_totalVotingPower

The totalVotingPower property provides the sum of all voting power that CNs have. Each CN has 1.0 ~ 2.0 voting power. In "none", "single" governance mode, totalVotingPower don't provide any information.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Type
Description
Float
Total Voting Power or error message
Example
// In "ballot" governance mode
> governance.totalVotingPower
32.452
// In "none", "single" governance mode
> governance.totalVotingPower
"In current governance mode, voting power is not available"

governance_myVotingPower

The myVotingPower property provides the voting power of the node. The voting power can be 1.0 ~ 2.0. In "none", "single" governance mode, totalVotingPower don't provide any information.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Type
Description
Float
Node's Voting Power or error message
Example
// In "ballot" governance mode
> governance.myVotingPower
1.323
// In "none", "single" governance mode
> governance.myVotingPower
"In current governance mode, voting power is not available"

governance_myVotes

The myVotes property provides my vote information in the epoch. Each vote is stored in a block when the user's node generates a new block. After current epoch ends, this information is cleared.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Type
Description
Vote List
Node's Voting status in the epoch - BlockNum: The block number that this vote is stored - Casted: If this vote is stored in a block or not - Key/Value: The content of the vote
Example
> governance.vote("governance.governancemode", "ballot")
"Your vote was successfully placed."
> governance.myVotes
[{
BlockNum: 403,
Casted: true,
Key: "governance.governancemode",
Value: "ballot"
}]

governance_chainConfig

The chainConfig property provides the initial chain configuration. Because it just stores the initial configuration, if there were changes in the governance made by voting, the result of chainConfig will differ from the current states. To see the current information, please use itemsAt.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Type
Description
JSON
Current chain configuration
Example
> governance.chainConfig
{
chainId: 1001,
deriveShaImpl: 2,
governance: {
governanceMode: "ballot",
governingNode: "0xe733cb4d279da696f30d470f8c04decb54fcb0d2",
kip71: {
basefeedenominator: 20,
gastarget: 30000000,
lowerboundbasefee: 25000000000,
maxblockgasusedforbasefee: 60000000,
upperboundbasefee: 750000000000
},
reward: {
deferredTxFee: true,
minimumStake: 5000000,
mintingAmount: 9600000000000000000,
proposerUpdateInterval: 3600,
ratio: "34/54/12",
stakingUpdateInterval: 20,
useGiniCoeff: false
}
},
istanbul: {
epoch: 20,
policy: 2,
sub: 1
},
istanbulCompatibleBlock: 0,
londonCompatibleBlock: 0,
magmaCompatibleBlock: 0,
unitPrice: 25000000000
}

governance_nodeAddress

The nodeAddress property provides the address of the node that a user is using. It is derived from the nodekey and used to sign consensus messages. And the value of "governingnode" has to be one of validator's node address.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Type
Description
ADDRESS
20 BYTE address of a node
Example
> governance.nodeAddress
"0xe733cb4d279da696f30d470f8c04decb54fcb0d2"

governance_itemsAt

The itemsAt returns governance items at specific block. It is the result of previous voting of the block and used as configuration for chain at the given block number.
Parameters
Type
Description
QUANTITY | TAG
Integer or hexadecimal block number, or the string "earliest", "latest" or "pending" as in the default block parameter.
NOTE: In versions earlier than Klaytn v1.7.0, only integer block number, the string "earliest" and "latest" are available.
Return Valuex
Type
Description
JSON
governance items
Example
> governance.itemsAt(89)
{
governance.governancemode: "single",
governance.governingnode: "0x7bf29f69b3a120dae17bca6cf344cf23f2daf208",
governance.unitprice: 25000000000,
istanbul.committeesize: 13,
istanbul.epoch: 30,
istanbul.policy: 2,
kip71.basefeedenominator: 20,
kip71.gastarget: 30000000,
kip71.lowerboundbasefee: 25000000000,
kip71.maxblockgasusedforbasefee: 60000000,
kip71.upperboundbasefee: 750000000000,
reward.deferredtxfee: true,
reward.minimumstake: "5000000",
reward.mintingamount: "9600000000000000000",
reward.proposerupdateinterval: 30,
reward.ratio: "34/54/12",
reward.stakingupdateinterval: 60,
reward.useginicoeff: true
}

governance_pendingChanges

The pendingChanges returns the list of items that have received enough number of votes but not yet finalized. At the end of the current epoch, these changes will be finalized and the result will be in effect from the epoch after next epoch.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Type
Description
Vote List
Currently pending changes composed of keys and values
Example
> governance.pendingChanges
{
reward.minimumstake: "5000000",
reward.useginicoeff: false
}

governance_votes

The votes returns the votes from all nodes in the epoch. These votes are gathered from the header of each block.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Type
Description
Vote List
Current votes composed of keys, values and node addresses
Example
> governance.votes
[{
key: "reward.minimumstake",
validator: "0xe733cb4d279da696f30d470f8c04decb54fcb0d2",
value: "5000000"
}, {
key: "reward.useginicoeff",
validator: "0xa5bccb4d279419abe2d470f8c04dec0789ac2d54",
value: false
}]

governance_idxCache

The idxCache property returns an array of current idxCache in the memory cache. idxCache contains the block numbers where governance change happened. The cache can have up to 1000 block numbers in memory by default.
Parameters
None
Return Value
Type
Description
uint64 array
Block numbers where governance change happened
Example
> governance.idxCache
[0, 30]

governance_idxCacheFromDb

The idxCacheFromDb returns an array that contains all block numbers on which a governance change ever happened. The result of idxCacheFromDb is the same or longer than that of idxCache
Parameters
None
Return Value
Type
Description
uint64 array
Every block numbers where governance change happened
Example
> governance.idxCacheFromDb
[0, 30]

governance_itemCacheFromDb

The itemCacheFromDb returns the governance information stored in the given block. If no changes were stored in the given block, the function returns null.
Parameters
Type
Description
uint64
A block number to query the governance change made in the block.
Return Value
Type
Description
JSON
Stored governance information at a given block
Example
> governance.itemCacheFromDb(0)
{
governance.governancemode: "single",
governance.governingnode: "0xe733cb4d279da696f30d470f8c04decb54fcb0d2",
governance.unitprice: 25000000000,
istanbul.committeesize: 1,
istanbul.epoch: 30,
istanbul.policy: 2,
reward.deferredtxfee: true,
reward.minimumstake: "5000000",
reward.mintingamount: "9600000000000000000",
reward.proposerupdateinterval: 3600,
reward.ratio: "34/54/12",
reward.stakingupdateinterval: 20,
reward.useginicoeff: false
}

governance_getStakingInfo

The getStakingInfo returns staking information at a specific block. The result includes the following information.
  • BlockNum: The block number at which the staking information is given.
  • CouncilNodeAddrs: The addresses of the consensus node.
  • CouncilRewardAddrs: The addresses to which the block reward of the associated nodes is sent.
  • CouncilStakingAddrs: The contract addresses in which the associated nodes deploy for staking.
  • CouncilStakingAmounts: The amount of KLAY which the associated nodes stake.
  • Gini: Gini coefficient.
  • KIRAddr: The contract address of KIR.
  • PoCAddr: The contract address of KGF. PoC is the previous name of KGF.
  • UseGini: The boolean value whether or not the Gini coefficient is used.
Note that the order of all addresses and the staking amounts are matched.
Parameters
Type
Description
QUANTITY | TAG
Integer of a block number, or the string "earliest", "latest" or "pending", as in the default block parameter.
Return Value
Type
Description
JSON
Staking information
Example
> governance.getStakingInfo("latest")
{
BlockNum: 57801600,
CouncilNodeAddrs: ["0x99fb17d324fa0e07f23b49d09028ac0919414db6", "0x571e53df607be97431a5bbefca1dffe5aef56f4d", "0xb74ff9dea397fe9e231df545eb53fe2adf776cb2", "0x5cb1a7dccbd0dc446e3640898ede8820368554c8", "0x776817c0ef3d06d794cf01ae9afa33d7397b9b40", "0xc180ca565b34b5b63877674f5fe647e7da079022", "0x03497f51c31fe8b402df0bde90fd5a85f87aa943"],
CouncilRewardAddrs: ["0xb2bd3178affccd9f9f5189457f1cad7d17a01c9d", "0x6559a7b6248b342bc11fbcdf9343212bbc347edc", "0x82829a60c6eac4e3e9d6ed00891c69e88537fd4d", "0xa86fd667c6a340c53cc5d796ba84dbe1f29cb2f7", "0x6e22cbe2b8bbd1df9f1d3c8ebae6d7ff5414a734", "0x24e593fb29731e54905025c230727dc28d229f77", "0x2b2a7a1d29a203f60e0a964fc64231265a49cd97"],
CouncilStakingAddrs: ["0x12fa1ab4c3e17c1c08c1b5a945c864c8e8bf707e", "0xfd56604f1a20268ff7a0eab2ab48e25ee1e0f653", "0x1e0f6aaa9baa6081dc4910a854eebf8854c262ab", "0x5e6988415ebe0f6b088f5a676003ba60f572875a", "0xbb44998c2af35b8faee694cffe216558056d747e", "0x68cba498b7175cde9de08fc2e85ad3e9c8caefa8", "0x98efb31eeccafe35d53a6926e2a54c0858d9eebc"],
CouncilStakingAmounts: [5000000, 5000000, 5000000, 5000000, 5000000, 5000000, 5000000],
Gini: 0,
KIRAddr: "0x716f89d9bc333286c79db4ebb05516897c8d208a",
PoCAddr: "0x2bcf9d3e4a846015e7e3152a614c684de16f37c6",
UseGini: true
}
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governance_vote
governance_showTally
governance_totalVotingPower
governance_myVotingPower
governance_myVotes
governance_chainConfig
governance_nodeAddress
governance_itemsAt
governance_pendingChanges
governance_votes
governance_idxCache
governance_idxCacheFromDb
governance_itemCacheFromDb
governance_getStakingInfo